The strings are melodically picked and stopped by a metal bar, with the guitar held across the lap. The EIA and RIAA established the 45/45 system for recording and reproducing stereo phonograph records. They would eventually become player pianos. Jacobs wanted Webb to edit “McArthur Park” to 3 1/2 minutes. This guitar has been examined and does not show telltale signs of modifications from a double-course guitar. October: A 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States became known as The Cuban Missile Crisis. Ralph Peer recorded Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family in Bristol, Tennessee. In a speech, he asserted that he had a list of “members of the Communist Party and members of a spy ring” who were employed in the State Department. In a later opinion, the Court held that students are also not required to stand for the Pledge. He was the drummer on 150 US top 10 hits, 40 of which went to number one, as well as many film and television soundtracks. In October, Les Paul achieves his first #1 record, “It’s Been A Long Long Time” by Bing Crosby With The Les Paul Trio. Ray Butts begins work on a new humbucking pickup design for Gretsch. Guitar, plucked stringed musical instrument that probably originated in Spain early in the 16th century, deriving from the guitarra latina, a late-medieval instrument with a waisted body and four strings. The United States does not sign the agreement until 1989. The FG-300 was the top of the line non-hand built guitar of that era. He first tried to enter the campus on September 20th, then the 25th, and again on the 26th. Go visit guitar manufacturer’s websites, or just visit a guitar store and you’ll see strange things. In the morning, as the smoke cleared, he saw the American flag still waving. Folk archivist Harry Smith released the “. This made cassette tape sound very similar in quality to records. “Choo Choo Ch’Boogie” by Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five becomes the biggest hit ever in the increasingly popular jump blues style that later leads to rock ‘n’ roll. Within 48 hours, the National Guard was called out. He was a musical prodigy, guitar virtuoso and composer of numerous timeless pieces for guitar. (see 1892, 1948 & 1951). The first model was the Fender Precision Bass. Frank Henry Martin introduces the size 000 guitar. They are effectively the creation of money. Bob Wills became a national music figure with the recording of “San Antonio Rose.”. It had worked well with plastic ukuleles in 1949, but the plastic flat-top G-30 and archtop G-40 never really caught on. The sexual revolution began. The biggest Southern hit song, “Dixie,” was written by Daniel Decatur Emmett, a Northerner from Ohio. Billboard magazine debuts the Harlem Hit Parade to chart the top singles in the “race” field, a precursor to rhythm & blues. François René Lacote was laying the groundwork for the modern guitar: building guitars in France with fixed metal frets, fixed bridge with ivory saddles, bridge pins and tuners arranged in slotted headstocks like classical guitars today. On July 20th Astronaut Neil Armstrong was the 1st human to walk on the moon. He is viewed by many as the most influential figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western music. They went through several band names, including Johnny and the Moondogs and Long John and The Beatles. The “Volstead Act,” the popular name for the National Prohibition Act, passed Congress over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto on October 28th, 1919 and established the legal definition of intoxicating liquor and provided for enforcement of Prohibition. Paul Whiteman controls twenty-eight bands on the east coast. The week-by-week listings were based on statistics accrued by Billboard Magazine from data pooled from record purchases and radio/jukebox play throughout the United States. On October 17th, Arab nations began an oil embargo on the United States in an effort to raise oil prices and attempt to alter the American support of Israel. With the help of the Selmer Company, the instruments went public. For more than half a century, Takamine has proudly dedicated itself to the art of fine guitar craftsmanship. The industrial revolution was in full swing and he introduced steam-driven machinery, including band saws and sanders, facilitating increased production with better, more consistent quality guitars, further positioning the company for future growth. In May, Alan Freed is indicted by Boston authorities for inciting a riot at a recent rock ‘n’ roll show he promoted where the audience stormed the stage during both Jerry Lee Lewis and Chuck Berry’s closing sets. The popularity of guitar grows throughout Europe. Alexander Graham Bell, in New York City, on January 25th, spoke into an exact copy of his 1876 invention, saying to his assistant Dr. Thomas A. Watson: “Mr. Watson, come here, I want you.” In his reply, Watson said that it would take him 4 days by fast train. Dolly died in 2003. The new design sported a gold-finish – later known as the ‘Goldtop’. The concert attracted more than 40,000 people for two shows at New York City’s Madison Square Garden. Additionally, the PRO-IP Act calls for the President to appoint an Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator (IPEC) who is required to develop a Joint Strategic Plan to help combat infringement and counterfeiting of intellectual property in the US and in foreign countries. A Dobro doesn’t need to be plugged in to sound loud. Rhythmic music notation appeared during this time and the center of musical activity in Europe was found at the Notre Dame school of polyphony. Antonio Stradivari (1644 – December 18th, 1737) set up shop in Cremona in 1660. This made public performance possible. This is due to a simple mistake. The pick up is generally a coil of fine copper wire wound around a bar magnet. The complex harmonies were secular in nature and told tales of grief or love. Joseph McCarthy died in Bethesda Naval Hospital on May 2nd, at the age of 48. As the band grew with experience they pushed the genre into a new form, ‘Newgrass.’ They would become significant influences to players like David Grisman and Tony Rice (who would come to own Clarence White’s Martin dreadnaught after his death in 1973). On the night of 14 April 1912, during her maiden voyage, The White Star Line passenger ship Titanic hit an iceberg and sank two hours and 40 minutes later. August 27th: Beatles Manager Brian Epstein died from a drug overdose at the age of 32. It will eventually become the most successful black-owned and operated company in American history, not just in music, with 600 million records sold. Epaminondas Strathopoulo takes charge of Epiphone – the House of Strathopoulo. Woody Guthrie moved to Los Angeles and got a job at KFVD as a radio show host. It was a come-back for the group following their inclusion on the entertainment industry blacklist. Clapton had contributed to the success of the Stratocaster by his extensive use of the instrument Blackie for performance and recording during the 1970s. Feedback is invented by The Johnny Burnette Rock ‘n’ Roll Trio on their record “The Train Kept A Rollin.”. The first jukebox that plays 45 RPM records is introduced. The document (U.S. Patent No. Following the Big Band strike of the 1940s, he began a successful solo career as an idol of the Bobby Sox’ers. The other instrument described by Tinctoris is “the instrument invented by the Catalans, which some call the guiterra and others the ghiterne… the guiterra is used most rarely because of the thinness of its sound. The fact is that, quite often, in these ancient paintings, the instruments in question were used as religious objects and were not even played. February 8th: Rep. Charles Oakman (R-Mich.), introduced a bill in the Federal Congress to add the words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance. One night, Django is trying to remove a rat and he catches the flowers on fire with a candle. From 1934 to 1937, the Committee was authorized to investigate Nazi propaganda and certain other propaganda activities. Beethoven composed “Symphony No. Abram attacked Harrison with a seven-inch kitchen knife, inflicting seven stab wounds, puncturing a lung and causing head injuries before Olivia Harrison stopped the attack by beating Abram with a fire poker. Fender thought of creating a bass based on a guitar. © 2005-2020 1915 Gretsch expands, moving to the 10-story Gretsch building at 60 Broadway in Brooklyn. The estimated numbers of students, faculty and administrators involved were 4,000,000. August 9th: The notion of a peaceful counterculture came to an abrupt end. Between the years 1850 and 1892, guitar maker Antonio de Torres developed a more larger and more resonant guitar instrument that we know today. The song ushers in descending pentatonic double-stops, which becomes the essence of rock guitar. Django Reinhardt is married at eighteen. He felt that guitars could be improved by a different body cavity made of Lyrachord (a version of fiberglass). It effectively ended the 3 1/2 minute AM format that had been the mainstay of popular radio for 2 decades. It had been brewing with French involvement for years but saw a ramp-up of American advisors and servicemen in 1959. Louis Armstrong begins playing the bars in Storyville for $1.25 a night. During the Classical Period there were many publications, composers and performers of the classical guitar including Gaspar Sanz (1640-1710), Fernando Sor (1778-1839), Mauro Giuliani (1781-1829). The armistice of August 14th, 1945 marks an end to World War II. November 25th the Department of Homeland Security was formed to unify 22 separate intelligence agencies. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22nd in Dallas, Texas. “Open The Door Richard” becomes the smash of the year with five different artists hitting the Top Three on the R&B Charts with a version, including its writer Dusty Fletcher. Gibson sold off its original manufacturing facilities in Kalamazoo Michigan. As we have seen, the guitar's ancestors came to Europe from Egypt and Mesopotamia. The transition was not smooth. This will set the stage for Swing. The ribbon was cut by a small group that included Yoko Ono and Little Richard. In August, The Weavers reassembled for a series of recording sessions for Vanguard. Midway Gardens, Chicago IL, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright opens. The Panama Canal opened by the final explosion of the Gamboa Dike; triggered by electric button from the White House by President Woodrow Wilson. It’s a hit and the craze is on. On May 9, in Boston, Europe is confronted in his dressing room by Herbert Wright (one of his men). In mid-1937, following the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Japan began a full invasion of China. AMF Corporation gave up trying to make money building guitars. Saxophonist Louis Jordan leaves Chick Webb’s band to form the Tympani Five, a slimmed-down group that begins the rhythm & blues revolution. C. F. Martin, Sr. passes away and C. F. Jr. takes command. Francesco Mannucci noted in his diary in February of 1711 that in 1698, Bartolomeo Cristofori began work on the “arcicembal che fa il piano e il forte” (harpsichord with soft and loud) The inventory of Medici instruments for 1700 show that at least one had been completed by that date. Though Capitol and Decca settled with the musician’s union AFM by 1943. T-Bone Walker began experimenting with a prototype electric guitar and was one of the first guitarists anywhere to play the instrument in public. Following the show, he was told by Opry manager Jim Denny that he should go back to Memphis and his truck-driving career. The idea was not immediately popular in Italy. It tops the charts. 1888 Unfortunately, CDs were released the same year. The Monterey International Pop Festival was held between June 16th and 18th on the Monterey County Fairgrounds in Monterey, California. A recent fatal human disease was identified and carefully documented in the Congo. By Christmas 1990, Tim Berners-Lee (see 1980) had built all the tools necessary for a working Web — the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) 0.9, the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), the first Web browser (named WorldWideWeb, also a Web editor), the first HTTP server software (later known as CERN HTTPd), the first web server (, and the first Web pages that described the project itself. Martin uke production takes off as the ukulele boom begins. By the fourth day of riots, the 82nd airborne joined the fray. On October 23rd, iPod portable media players were introduced by Apple to store and play the music and video purchased on iTunes. Now, to get from the lute to the guitar, many elements are missing. The first electric guitars were hollow bodied models. Somebody discovers that the New York brownstone basement (being narrow and running from the main street to back alley) is well suited to use as a speakeasy. Elvis Presley makes his national television debut on T, Presley scores five #1 hits in a seven-month span and causes a sensation with his performance of “Hound Dog” on the. Gibson introduces the Super 400 at $400. The future King Solomon was born. In April, Ted McCarty joins Gibson from the Wurlitzer organ company. It is seen in the hands of Ray Whitley and Gene Autry on the silver screen. At 3:30 am on December 30th, 35-year-old Michael Abram broke into George Harrison’s’ Friar Park home in Henley-on-Thames and started yelling for Harrison. Ellington makes his first recording (on a cylinder – acoustic recording still most used). History - National Guitars. James Reese Europe and his band known as the 369th U.S. Infantry “Hell Fighters” Band released recordings within weeks of the men’s return from the war. He snorted it, starting a bad internal reaction. The movement was led by the French and the Italians. Meredith began classes the day after the troops arrived. He turns them down and misses the chance to be the first Jazz performer to record because he is afraid that his style will be copied. This is the band that will be the model for the swing bands of the next decade. iTunes was introduced by Apple as a proprietary digital media player application to organize, distribute, and maintain some copyright control over audio and video media. Note that Leo Fender sold the company in 1965 as he was convinced he had little time to live. The new style captivated an entire generation of post-war youth in England. Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.P. (The Big Bopper) Richardson die in a plane crash while on tour in Clearlake, Iowa on February 3rd. In London, England, in May or June, Eric Clapton buys his first Gibson Les Paul ‘Burst’, playing it live with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers. His first electric hard-body guitar was basically a log (it was even called “the log”) with a neck and two double-coil pick-ups set into it. Carnegie Hall Opened in New York City on May 5th. If you want to use any of this information: Please see the Terms of Usage – Usage Policy. This made the CD industry a bit nervous. In fact, Gibson is often credited with inventing the arch-top guitar.A demand … John Hammond stages the Spirituals To Swing concert in New York City to highlight black musical styles. Thomas Alva Edison invented the incandescent lamp and Western Electric began to gain stature as a large company. Richard Starkey, known as Ringo Starr, joined the Beatles; Starr had performed occasionally with The Beatles in Hamburg. Ellington records his first big hit in October, a masterpiece of tone color called “Dreamy Blues” (aka “Mood Indigo”). All American coins now bear the motto: “In God We Trust.”. Pop vocalist Kay Starr has a hit with “The Rock & Roll Waltz,” a song that attempts to cash in on the term “rock ‘n’ roll” while appealing to adults rather than kids, proving the industry feels the music is a novelty. The first year included Jewel and was the top-grossing tour of 1997. Evidence emerged of a new disease in the United States. Together, they began a 48-night residency in Hamburg at Bruno Koschmider’s Indra Club, and then moved to the Kaiserkeller in October. All five were murdered. John Lennon’s friend Stuart Sutcliffe joined the Quarrymen on bass in January. 1730 – 1820 Classical Period. In the French court a record states, “In my earliest years we used to play the lute more than the guitar, but for 12 or 15 years now everyone has been guitarring.”. The onset of World War II results in limited record production, particularly non-pop records, slowing the growth of rhythm & blues music until war’s end in 1945. The “ES” refers to ‘Electric Spanish’ and is still used as the common Gibson classification today. The lute, this instrument favored by troubadours of the dark ages and the renaissance, more closely resembles a modern bass than a guitar. 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