Next, identify how the counselor may have been in violation of the ACA Code … All Rights Reserved. Shaun Taylor's presentation: Geoethics Forums (PowerPoint 2007 (.pptx) 380kB Jun11 14), given at the 2014 Teaching GeoEthics workshop, provided a simple model to help students engage Ethical Decision-Making that includes a) the context/facts of the situation, b) the stakeholders, c) the decision-makers, d) these inform a number of alternate choices, e) that are mediated through the … The independent variables were leadership and decision making. Ethical decision-making refers to the process of evaluating and choosing among alternatives in a manner consistent with ethical principles. Only by careful exploration of the problem, aided by the insights and different perspectives of others, can we make good ethical choices in such situations. Not only should you strive to do what is right, but consider the impact your choices will have on others. The first, expressive, level is based upon gut instincts. steps of an ethical decision-making model. For example, we would say that murder is ethically impermissible. Ethical decision making models for professional counselors. In the Duty framework, we focus on the duties and obligations that we have in a given situation, and consider what ethical obligations we have and what things we should never do. 97-109. Describe alternative actions and explain your ethical decisions based on the guidelines. Other Utilitarians, however, might argue that the death penalty does not deter crime, and thus produces more harm than good. ! It helps us to identify the ethical issues and evaluate the values of identified issues (Kerridge, Lowe & Stewart 2009, p.92). We are concerned with what kind of person we should be and what our actions indicate about our character. 8. Attempts to discern character traits (virtues and vices) that are, or could be, motivating the people involved in the situation. After examining all of the potential actions, which best addresses the situation? The Medieval Christian philosopher William of Ockham (1285-1349) was one of the most influential thinkers in this tradition, and his writings served as a guide for Protestant Reformers like Martin Luther (1483-1546) and Jean Calvin (1509-1564). In the Virtue framework, we try to identify the character traits (either positive or negative) that might motivate us in a given situation. We ask about what outcomes are desirable in a given situation, and consider ethical conduct to be whatever will achieve the best consequences. We define ethical behavior as whatever a virtuous person would do in the situation, and we seek to develop similar virtues. 8 Chen-Bi Zhong, ‘The Ethical Dangers of Rational Decision Making’, Finalist for the ‘Excellence in Ethics’ Dissertation Proposal Competition, Northwestern University, 2005, p 5. Because God is seen as omnipotent and possessed of free will, God could change what is now considered ethical, and God is not bound by any standard of right or wrong short of logical contradiction. The children would suffer and die if parents did not care for them. Would I change anything now that I have seen the consequences? How do I feel about my choice? Each of these three broad categories contains varieties of approaches to ethics, some of which share characteristics across the categories. For example, some Utilitarians might argue that the death penalty is ethical because it deters crime and thus produces the greatest amount of good with the least harm. Do you need professional Nursing papers? If one person stops to help the third person pick up their books, but the other person keeps on walking, we somehow feel that the person who stopped to help has acted in a more ethically appropriate way than the person who did not stop, but we cannot say that the person who did not stop was unethical in not stopping. Kant’s famous formula for discovering our ethical duty is known as the “categorical imperative.” It has a number of different versions, but Kant believed they all amounted to the same imperative. Hence it is important to be familiar with all three frameworks and to understand how they relate to each other—where they may overlap, and where they may differ. An explanatory case study is provided along with sample dilemmas to illustrate how an ethical decision-making model might be used within the school setting. The use of a model or models of ethical decision making demonstrates that the clinician possesses expert knowledge in the area of ethical decision making and clarifies that this expert knowledge will be utilized as a guide for reaching the best conclusion about how to proceed with a complex ethical … By framing the situation or choice you are facing in one of the ways presented above, specific features will be brought into focus more clearly. Ethical behavior is a complex matter because stakeholder interests often conflict, ethical values are unclear, benefits and harms are difficult to evaluate, and the rights of one group might interfere with the rights of others. Both law and ethics deal with questions of how we should live together with others, but ethics is sometimes also thought to apply to how individuals act even when others are not involved. One of the most important things to do at the beginning of ethical deliberation is to locate, to the extent possible, the specifically ethical aspects of the issue at hand. What does gaining an understanding of the factors that make up ethical … We hope that the information above is helpful in developing your own experience in making choices. This approach stipulates that the best ethical action is that which protects the ethical rights of those who are affected by the action. An ethical decision-making model is a tool that can be used by a dental hygienist or any other health care provider to help think through an ethical dilemma and arrive at an ethical decision. Permissible: Sometimes actions are referred to as ethically permissible, or ethically “neutral,” because it is neither right nor wrong to do them or not to do them. 1. The Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), in praising the biblical Patriarch Abraham’s willingness to kill his son Isaac at God’s command, claimed that truly right action must ultimately go beyond everyday morality to what he called the “teleological suspension of the ethical,” again demonstrating the somewhat tenuous relationship between religion and ethics mentioned earlier. Law may have a difficult time designing or enforcing standards in some important areas, and may be slow to address new problems. Our experience with applying particular ethical standards or principles can inform our understanding of how good these standard or principles are. Consequently, it takes into account all parts of human experience and their role in ethical deliberation, as it believes that all of one’s experiences, emotions, and thoughts can influence the development of one’s character. While it is helpful to approach the field of ethics in this order, we might keep in mind that this somewhat “top down” approach does not exhaust the study of ethics. Gather the relevant facts What are the relevant facts? The most influential modern proponent of this approach was the French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), who argued that the best society should be guided by the “general will” of the people which would then produce what is best for the people as a whole. https://lisajeffs.com/why-is-ethical-decision-making-important This approach stipulates that the best ethical action is that which protects the ethical rights of those who are affected by the action. Recognizing an Ethical IssueOne of the most important things to do at the beginning of ethical deliberation is to locate, to the extent possible, the specifically ethical aspects of the issue at hand. Three areas: 1. assignment using Times new Roman 12-point font which do... 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